Effective Date: 4 May 2019


The Board accepts that it has a responsibility to protect the physical and financial resources of the School. The Board has agreed that through the Principal the School has a responsibility to prevent and detect theft and fraudulent actions relating to the school. The Board expects any investigation into any theft or fraudulent actions will be conducted in a manner that conforms to the principles of natural justice and is procedurally just and fair.

The Board, therefore, requires the Principal to establish systems and procedures to guard against theft and fraud. The Principal is to report suspected theft and fraud to the Board Chairperson as prescribed in the procedures set out below.


As preventative measures against theft and fraud, the Board requires the Principal to ensure that:
  1. The School’s physical resources are kept secure and accounted for.
  2. The School’s financial systems are designed to prevent and detect the occurrence of fraud. All such systems must meet the requirements and standards as set out in the Crown Entities Act 2004 and of generally accepted Accounting Principals promulgated and supported by the Chartered Accountants Australia New Zealand.
  3. Staff members who are formally delegated responsibility for the custody of physical and financial resources by the Principal are considered to be competent to carry out such responsibilities and that such persons are held accountable for the proper execution of their responsibilities.
  4. All staff members are aware of their responsibility to immediately inform the Principal should they suspect or become aware of any improper or fraudulent actions by staff, suppliers, contractors, students or other persons associated with the School.
In the event of an allegation of theft or fraud the Principal shall act in accordance with the following procedures and in a manner proportionate to the scale of the alleged theft or fraud:

  1. Decide to either immediately report the matter to the New Zealand Police or begin an internal investigation.

  2. If conducting an internal investigation, so far as it is possible and within 24 hours, the Principal should:

    • Record the details of the allegation, the person or persons allegedly involved, and the quantity and/or value of the theft or fraud.

    • Request a written statement from the person who has informed the Principal, with details as to the nature of the theft or fraud, the time and circumstances in which this occurred, and the quantity and/or value of the theft.

    • Decide on the initial actions to be taken including consulting with the person who provided the information and, if appropriate, confidentially consulting with other senior members of staff about the person who is the subject of the allegation.

    • Inform the Board Chairperson of the information received and consult with them as appropriate.

  1. On the basis of advice received and after consultation with the Board Chairperson, the Principal shall decide whether or not a prima facie case of theft or fraud exists, and if not, to document this decision and record that no further action is to be taken.

  2. The Principal shall then carry out the following procedures:

    1.  Investigate the matter further;

    2.  If a prima facie case is thought to exist to continue with their investigation;

    3. Invoke any disciplinary procedures contained in the contract of employment should the person be a staff member;

    4. Lay a complaint with the New Zealand Police;

    5. If necessary, commission an independent expert investigation;

    6. In the case of fraud, require a search for written evidence of the possible fraudulent action to determine the likelihood or not of such evidence;

    7. Seek legal advice; or

    8. Inform the Manager, National Operations, Ministry of Education local office and/or the school’s auditors.

  3. Once all available evidence is obtained the Principal shall consult the Board Chairperson. The Board Chairperson may if they consider it necessary, seek legal or other advice as to what further action should be taken.

  4. If a case is considered to exist the Principal or a person designated by them shall, unless another course of action is more appropriate:

    1. Inform the person in writing of the allegation that has been received and request a meeting with them at which their representative or representatives are invited to be present.

    2. Meet with the person who is the subject of the allegation of theft or fraud and their representatives to explain the complaint against them.

    3. Obtain a verbal or preferably a written response (all verbal responses must be recorded as minutes of that meeting, and the accuracy of those minutes should be attested by all persons present).

    4. Advise the person in writing of the processes to be involved from this point on.

The Board recognises that supposed or actual instances of theft or fraud can affect the rights and reputation of the person or persons implicated. All matters related to the case shall remain strictly confidential with all written information kept secure. Should any delegated staff member or any other staff member improperly disclose information the Principal shall consider if that person or persons are in breach of confidence and if further action is required. Any action the Principal considers must be in terms of the applicable conditions contained in their contract of employment and any code of ethics or code of responsibility by which the staff member is bound.

The Board affirms that any allegation of theft or fraud must be subject to due process, equity and fairness. Should a case be deemed to be answerable then the due process of the law shall apply to the person or persons implicated.

Any statement made on behalf of the School and related to any instance of supposed or actual theft or fraud shall be made by the Board Chairperson who shall do so after consultation with the Principal and if considered appropriate after taking expert advice.

Allegations Concerning the Principal or a Trustee

Any allegation concerning the Principal should be made to the Board Chairperson. The Chairperson will then investigate in place of the Principal in accordance with procedures in this Policy.

Any allegation concerning a member of the Board of Trustees should be made to the Principal. The Principal will then advise the manager of the local office of the Ministry of Education and commence an investigation in accordance with the requirements of this Policy.